Strategies For Effective Listening
In every language-learning situation, the learner's active participation is very important, this is perhaps why David Crystal in his Physiology of Listening affirms that, we do not simply hear all the sounds generated by others, but because of the complexity of the auditory system, we are able to select, sift, make sense of and interpret a wide variety of acoustic signals.
By the word hear, Crystal presupposes 'understand'. Our own observation over the years is however that despite the deliberate attempts to select, sift and interpret sounds, some of what the speaker says are yet not captured by the listeners' hearing. How then do we improve listening in order to be able to have at least 90% of the speaker's utterance in our memories? How best do we teach listening to achieve effectiveness? To be able to achieve this, the language teacher has to develop certain listening skills for the purpose of effective communication since his major aim is to train language users.
Strategies mean the techniques or ways to go about the listening exercise. Such strategies for both the students and the teachers are concentration, evaluation, aim at the main points, study the speaker's emotions, look for the paralinguistic elements such as intonations, area of stresses, the speaker's tone e.t.c.
What are your view and opinions?