What Is Linguistics And Who Is A Linguist
Many people today (both literate and illiterate) in our society are of the notion that a linguist is one who speaks many languages fluently without much difficulty...LoL...Of course this is no doubt a general misconception about the subject (linguistics) and the student (Linguist). This misconception have been tagged an “innocent ignorance” by chumbow( a scholar).
linguistics is the scientific study of language, well a lame man will ask scientific in what way, did you do chemistry or physics?. To correct this wrong notion it is pertinent to state the clear difference between a linguist and a plygot, and also explain how linguistics is scientific in nature.
A linguist is an analyst whose subject matter is language, his task is to analyse and classify the fact of speech as he hears them uttered by the native speaker or finds them recorded in writing. A linguist is not necessarily required to be able to speak a language before he can analyse the data of such language, though it a added advantage if he can speak two or more languages fluently, but bear in mind it not a criteria to be a linguist. Someone that speaks many languages is a plygot, this is someone that might have learned the langues due to traveling a lot or for business purposes.
I sincerely hope I was able to correct the wrong notion people have about a linguist and linguistics. Now lets talk about the scientific procedures and fields in linguistics.
My reference to linguistics as the scientific study of language might prompt the question "what is scientific in language study?", well let me shed light on that. Like I have stated in my previous post linguistics seek to know more about the phenomenon in all it complexity.
linguistics is scientific because it approaches the study of language through scientific method and practice. Such methodology and practice employed include
1. Data collection, transcription, observation and analysis
2. Hypothesis formulation based on the observed fact from language data.
3. Empirical verification of the postulated hypothesis and
4. Formulation of law/ grammatical rules that are relevant to and derivable from certain scientific theoretical framework in linguistics.
having listed all that, linguistics is divided into two broad aspect
macro( applied linguistics)
i will focus on the macro,
under macro, here are the field of the linguist
3.Linguistics's and language teaching
4. Nur o linguistics
5. Clinical linguistics
6. Computational linguistics and many More.
linguistics is more than what people have perceived it to be, it a fun course, technical and interesting,
So for does seeking admission, when you given linguistics, know it not a useless course.